«Sustainable development» is an international trend, proclaimed 16 years ago in Rio de Janeiro. First of all, it is a universal political strategy for the national and international level. The main principle of this concept is to meet the needs of the present without compromising the needs of future generations and damaging the environment.
The UN Conference on the Environment and Development in 1992, the Monterrey Conference and the Johannesburg Summit in 2002 defined the balanced development as a strategy for the existence of mankind in the XXI century. Therefore, the developed countries of the world introduce this concept at all levels of governmental management. In particular the Scandinavian countries — Denmark, Norway, Iceland, Finland, Sweden, successfully made the transition to a model of environmentally sound development and are developed prosperous countries.
Ukraine can choose the same way. On this occasion, the leader of the Green Party of Ukraine Volodymyr Kosterin said: «Ukraine has the ability to use the world experience and enter the list of thirty leading countries in quality of life and human development index in ten years. Transition to sustainable development means the harmonious coexistence of economical, environmental and social spheres and requires systemic changes in public policy. For the preparation of the relevant legal framework and institutional reforms only political will is needed.»
However, the leader of the Ukrainian «greens» notes that public support for such innovations is no less important.
During two years social demand for environmental safety and the European quality of life has been actively shaped in Ukraine.
«Ukraine has a great potential for development, and having selected the right way, we can ensure decent conditions of life for present and future generations, and also make an impact on international politics. However, we must beware that we live in a «risk society» and we shouldn’t waste time for systemic reforms, otherwise the country will become a resource base for the economically powerful states while losing a productive part of the population because of the outflow to foreign countries «, — said Vladimir Kosterin.
We need greening of the economy that provides innovative technologies and a rational approach to the use of resources. «Green Economy meets the challenges of time and ensures the dynamic development without harming the environment. It is badly needed to adopt the strategy of sustainable development and to set the «rules of the game» at the level of parliament to ensure synergy of processes in the economical, ecological and social spheres «, — said the leader of the GPU.
Thus, according to the Worldwatch Institute study there are 2.3
million «green» jobs in the world and this number is constantly
growing. Considering the global trends, the mandatory priorities of economic policy
should be: accounting performance of economic valuation of natural resources in
In turn, the business, if stimulated by the state and the
relevant legal framework, is able to develop other areas of the green economy — namely, insurance services in the field of environmental security, the
Green economy — is an economic system that is based on the responsible behavior of the person with the outside world and respects the principle of «economically beneficial is that what is environmentally friendly.»
«When the environment becomes a reference point for