There are few deputies in Kyiv, who knows that once our city was a green capital with chestnut alleys and a clean Dniper, where you could swim without risk to health. Apparently, this is why in September the third deputies of Kyiv refused to ensure the proper condition of Lake Vyrlytsia (Darnytskyi district).
I would like to remind you that the health and life expectancy of citizens depends on the environmental situation in Kyiv. The capital should be an example of high quality of life and sustainable development for all cities and towns of Ukraine. But, unfortunately, in 2021 Kyiv is not included in the ranking of the world's safest cities, which, according to The Economist Intelligence Unit, is included in 60 megacities (Copenhagen is the leader, and Yangon closes the list).
The components of the ecosystem of a modern city are cleanliness, safety and innovation. The more the urban environment is in harmony with nature, the more comfortable it is for life. Kyiv and Ukraine had and still have every opportunity to occupy the niche of the ecological, business, cultural and tourist center of Eurasia.
Eco-friendly Kyiv – Eco-friendly Ukraine.
Now the city needs an environmental risk strategy that will combine innovation, infrastructure, transport, energy and culture, thereby launching the 4.0 technology development model.
The mission of the capital is to become a city-legislator of useful technologies and solutions. In addition to standard approaches to global planning, there is an ongoing expert general dialogue. In the new migration sectors of the climate, there is a growing demand for effective management solutions in housing and communal services, biomedical and others.
There are many development-related problems at the national level and require coordinated action by the central and local authorities.
In the first place is the theme of the state of the main water artery that unites Ukraine. The Dnieper, the fourth largest river in Europe, on which the livelihoods of the Ukrainian population depend, is in critical condition, especially near large cities. It is a shame that this problem also applies to the capital of Ukraine. The task at the central and local levels is to launch a full-fledged water management program for the Dnieper, Southern Bug, Dniester, Desna, Seversky Donets, as well as small rivers and lakes. The state of water bodies is an indicator of the culture of a nation. The experience of Israel is useful in this context.
The second problem is excessive air pollution from emissions from heat generation facilities, an incineration plant and exhaust emissions in places where cars are congregated. This factor is the main disease of the respiratory system of Kyiv residents. It is well known that dirty air leads to diseases of the circulatory, cardiovascular systems and other diseases. Solving the problem requires an integrated approach, starting with spatial and territorial planning aimed at reducing the area of enterprises, to launching a bypass road for transit cars, etc.
The third challenge is that Kyiv is quite seriously polluted with hazardous substances due to many years of unsolvable issues with man-made facilities. These are the Radikal plant, where there are tons of mercury, and the state special enterprise Radon, on the territory of which a tritium stain was formed due to the emergency state of the radioactive waste storage, the chlorine storage of the Kyivvodokanal, Darnitskaya, Tripolskaya and other CHP / TPP of the Kyiv region, Bortnicheskaya station aeration, sewer and other infrastructure facilities that need eco-modernization for a long time.
The fourth important issue is related to the required territorial community and the association of apartment building owners (condominiums). The pressing issue of energy consumption can be resolved through the decentralization of generation sources. For example, in order for houses from “consumers” to become “generators”, use the roof of houses to install solar panels and generate energy without CO2 emissions. Non-volatile energy sources. Moreover, there is already a successful project in Kyiv at 16 Bazhana Avenue.
And fifth, the need for risk management, which implies a monitoring system in Kyiv, covering environmental indicators, the situation on the roads and the state of critical infrastructure facilities. I would like to note that risk assessment and informatization of a city with maximum opportunities for using the Internet of Things (IoT) is the basis for creating "smart" and safe cities. To date, the Kyiv City Hall was one of the first in Ukraine to introduce electronic document management and install its own billing system in the Kyivteleservice UPC, which can be used for accounting and control of the quality of municipal services, as well as provide other telecommunication services in Kyiv and other cities.
For the mayor of Kyiv, it is quite a solvable task to make the capital of Ukraine a leader in the implementation of new technologies and solutions, to establish the management of critical infrastructure, taking into account the factors of technological safety. In 2018, Vitali Klitschko supported the opening of the KYIV Smart City office in Silicon Valley (USA), and in 2019 he held meetings in Davos with the leaders of the Swiss Smart Cities Association and international experts, where many useful initiatives were presented.
Kyiv has every opportunity to become an innovative, environmentally friendly and safe city in which technological development and environmental issues are two sides of the same coin. And in this regard, the deputies of the Kyiv City Council, who avoid their direct duties, should be recalled for inactivity, so that more active people can come to their place, who are able not only to protect ecological boundaries, but also to expand them, recapturing territories for a comfortable and safe life from polluters of people.